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Keratoconus
Damage caused by keratoconus is seen on the cornea in the form of thinning and protruding.
Keratoconus patients usually cannot even see clearly with eye-glasses. This difference in shape changes from person to person. Sometimes it remains dormant for years and sometimes it requires a cornea transplant in a short period of time.
Sometimes the patient does not even know that he/she has keratoconus, but learns this during a pre-laser examination. In these cases, the patients should not be performed laser on.

Damage caused by keratoconus is seen on the cornea in the form of thinning and protruding.

• TREATMENT METHODS
• The best results are obtained with semi-hard contact lenses
• Lenses to be used in the treatment of keratoconus are very difficult to choose; it requires patience
• However, in cases when the patient wishes not to use these lenses, and the disease is not advanced, usage of intra-corneal rings might be a better alternative.
• Intra-corneal rings (intact, keraring) are placed in the tunnels opened in the cornea with local anesthesia using femtosecond laser.
• These rings reduce the existing refraction fault and help the patient get a better vision.

The last resort against keratoconus is cornea transplant in advanced stages. In corneal transplant, faulty cornea is replaced with healthy cornea.

Symptoms of the Disease
Complaints in early stages:
• Constantly changing eye-glass numbers,
• Advancing myopia and astigmatism,
• Low quality of vision despite eye-glasses,
Most patients at this stage can only be diagnosed with special examinations, such as Topography or Pentacam.
Rubbing the eyes too much causes the disease to worsen in allergic conjunctivitis.
Genetics is a big cause.

New Treatment Methods

Aside from treatment methods listed above, the increasingly popular Cross-Link treatment helps patients greatly in keratoconus treatment. It almost has no alternatives in treatment choices.
In this treatment,
Applying Riboflavin with UV light has strengthening effects on the cornea.
Laser is applied to suitable eyes to ensure better vision after Cross-Link applications as well.
Unfortunately, Keratoplasty is the only solution in advanced keratoconus.